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COMPARING THE IMAGINATION OF HEAVEN BETWEEN DIVINE COMEDY AND THE Mİ’RÂÇNÂMES

Being among the founders of Western Humanism, and a solid religious education of his own, Dante placed the knowledge the depths of theology and knowledge of Greek mythology in the depths of the Hell, Purgatory and Paradise sections of the Divine Comedy with full details in the lines. Maybe this is why the readers of the masterpiece mention how familiar topics are. In each of three parts of the work, as well as topics inspired from the Greek mythology, we encounter spaces imaged both in the Old Testament, Bible and Koran especially in the Paradise part. In part of Inferno, the journey of Dante who descends towards underground moves to upwards from limbo; whereas in Paradise, he ascends till the Throne of God based on the order of planets and the signs of zodiac put forward in accordance with the theory suggested by Ptolemy (Claudios Ptolemaios, A.D.85-165). On the other hand, our poets also narrated in the miraçnâmes and miraciye parts of several Mesnevis based in the Classical Turkish Literature which is obviously effected by İsrailiyat that the prophet Mohammed ascended to the miraj in the same order. The Spanish Orientalist Miguel Asin Palacios claims that Dante was influenced deeply by İbn-i Arabî while writing the part of Paradise, and he even quoted him directly for many topics. When we analyze the Miraç-nâmes and Divine Comedy, we can witness considerably the reflections of İbn-î Arabî’s sky and heaven imaginations particularly on the masterpieces. However, aside from these influences, because the occasion of the prophet’s ascension and Dante’s metaphysical journey are religious acts, the reflections of effects of Torah, Bible and Koran on the works are inevitable. In this study, a comparative analysis was made for the common and different aspects of Divine Comedy and the miraciyes in general, as well as the theories by İbn-i Arabî and Ptolemy, both of whom served as sources to the former works.



Anahtar Kelimeler
COMPARING THE IMAGINATION OF HEAVEN BETWEEN DIVINE COMEDY AND THE Mİ’RÂÇNÂMES

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