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    Makale Kabul Tarihi :  1 Nisan  - 15 Eylül 2020


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Abstract


THE CAUSALITY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND TRADE OPENNESS: THE CASE OF TURKEY

Trade openness is an essential component of economic growth, and the relationship between trade openness and energy consumption has been an important topic of discussion among academics and researchers. The purpose of this study is to deal with the symmetric and asymmetric causality between Turkey's trade openness and energy consumption. For this purpose, using Turkey's annual data for the period between 1980-2015 years, the causality relationship between trade openness and energy consumption was analyzed by symmetrical Toda-Yamamoto causality test and asymmetric Hatemi-J causality test. It was determined that there is bi-directional causality relationship both from trade openness to energy consumption and from energy consumption to trade openness according to the symmetric Toda-Yamamoto causality test. According to the results of the Hatemi-J asymmetric causality test, no asymmetric causality relationship between the trade openness and energy consumption has been determined. By promoting industrialization, trade openness will be able to affect economic growth and economic growth will result in an increase in energy demand. Due to the expansion of trade openness, the increased in the number of technological products will be able to contribute to the country's energy efficiency policies by encouraging the production and use of lower-cost energy.



Keywords
Trade Openness, Energy Consumption, Linear Causality, Nonlinear Causality



Kaynakça

Adres :Erzurum Teknik Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü ERZURUM
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Eposta :mustafa.bingol@erzurum.edu.tr

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